This loose stitch secures layers of fabric together — for example, holding lining and interlining in place. With wrong sides together, place the lining over the main fabric. Pin down the complete length of the fabric in the centre. Fold the fabric back against the pins.
Using matching thread, make a horizontal stitch through the folded edge and the main fabric, picking up only one or two threads of the fabric. Work at 5 cm (2in) intervals down the fabric, keeping the thread very loose between the stitches. Work additional rows of lock stitch as instructed.
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This firm stitch, worked from left to right, is used for hemming heavyweight fabric over a single hem. Bring the thread up through the hem. Move diagonally down to the right, then take a small straight stitch just above the hem edge. Move diagonally up to the right, and take a small stitch from the hem again. Continue making crossed stitches along the length of the hem.
Blanket stitch the edge of the fabric or as a decorative stitch when worked in a contrasting colour. Insert the needle down through the fabric at the required distance from the edge. Holding the thread under the needle point, pull the needle through at the edge, forming a loop along the edge of the fabric. Closely packed blanket stitch is used for making buttonholes.
Prick stitch is used for inserting zips and for occasions where the sewing must be unobtrusive. It is sewn in the same way as backstitch, but the top stitches are smaller and should appear as pricks in the fabric. Working on the right side, take the needle back a couple of threads behind where the thread came out and then take a stitch a little way in front of that point.