Diabetes or diabetes mellitus refers to a metabolic disorder affecting millions of individuals worldwide. In 2013, it was reported that more than 382 million people all over the globe have diabetes (according to the Williams textblog of endocrinology). In the United States alone, the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reported that 29.1 million Americans have diabetes in 2014.
Being a “ metabolic disorder ” , having diabetes means that the body is not properly absorbing the consumed food. When a normal individual eats, the digested food is broken down into small sugar particles called glucose — the primary fuel of our body for energy. Glucose is transported through the blood stream to the cells to be used for the body ’ s growth and energy. However, glucose cannot enter the body ’ s cells without the hormone produced by the pancreas called insulin. When we eat, the pancreas should produce adequate amount of insulin so that our body could properly use the glucose that is in our bloodstream
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Individuals who have diabetes however, have bodies that either does not produce insulin (type 1 diabetes), their pancreas lacks in the production of insulin or their body has become insulin resistant (type 2 diabetes). The problem arises when glucose is left in the bloodstream because it cannot enter the body ’ s cells resulting to what is known ashyperglycemia — or high levels of glucose in the blood.
Because of this, diabetes can lead to a lot of health complications such as cardio vascular problems, kidney damage, eyesight damage, stroke, and many more.