Is this a diet that can be maintained over a long period of time?
Fad and crash diets for example are typically not sustainable.
• Will this approach meet my nutrient and energy needs to sustain the level and volume of training that is required?
This includes addressing micro- and macronutrient needs. Strategically timing the intake of nutrients is an important component of the plan to meet these needs.
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• Does this plan include a variety of foods and is not overly restrictive? A plan where the individuals feel as though they are chronically “dieting” or engaging in restrained intake can result in the development of disordered eating or diagnosed eating disorders.
• Will this plan meet health and immune function needs, as well as reproductive needs in women?
Obviously, weight management needs to be approached in a sensitive manner utilizing safe practices that are individualized to the needs of each athlete. An approach that promotes 0.5-1 lb weight loss a week can minimize risks associated with severe restriction. The weight loss professional should work with the athlete to develop a dietary pattern or meal plan that includes a variety of foods.