You can see that insulin resistance can be a serious business. both for the state of our long-term health and our physical health and self-esteem. What are some signs of insulin resistance?
There are many symptoms of insulin resistance and excess insulin production known as hyperinsulinemia. One of the more obvious symptoms is high blood sugar. which can persist for much longer than normal. Fatigue and sleepiness are also quite common as it becomes difficult for the body to regulate its own energy. Feeling tired after sleeping for 9 hours is normal because your body cant quite get glucose to the muscles and brain to help wake you up. The way glucose. insulin and insulin resistance affect the brain are quite complex and are still being extensively studied. but we know that some people will have problems getting adequate energy to the brain. This can cause periods of brain fogginess as well as difficulty focusing. There are also links to the development of depression. Insulin also inhibits the excretion of excess sodium through the kidneys and therefore causes excess sodium. which causes high blood pressure and increases the risk of heart disease and stroke.
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Insulin works in several ways to increase body fat. Insulin actually stimulates the appetite causing you to crave more even as your body struggles to deal with the excess glucose it already has. We know that insulin will turn glucose into fat and store it around the organs and waist after supplying the necessary cells. but with insulin resistance. more insulin is produced so turning sugar into fat happens almost automatically because the liver and muscles become insulin resistant before the fat cells do. More insulin is released for smaller amounts of sugars. but the insulin resistance in the liver and muscles causes a much higher percentage of glucose to be turned into fat rather than being made available as ready fuel.
Insulin resistance also causes inflammation throughout the body and puts strain on multiple organs.
The sugars in the blood corrode blood vessels and the kidneys have the job of getting rid of the excess glucose in the blood. As the glucose filters through. it can damage the kidneys and combined with the extra sodium retention. can cause the formation of painful kidney stones. The kidneys require a great deal of water to excrete the extra sugar so it is not uncommon to be dehydrated and thirsty. Repetitive high blood sugars can also cause cirrhosis. or scarring. on the liver similar to the scarring seen on the livers of alcoholics. Whole body inflammation caused by the abundance of blood sugar has several of its own symptoms including chronic muscle and joint pain. irritable bowel syndrome and rashes and red and irritated eyes. Chronic inflammation is also linked with some of the biggest killers in the modern world including heart disease. stroke and cancer.